mizoram religion data
11, April 1976. Christian majority Mizo population started persecuting and driving the Buddhist Chakmas and Hindu Brus, minority groups in state, out of Mizoram after being bestowed with statehood. (2010), Chronicles and impacts of the 2005–09 mautam in Mizoram, in, General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of India, Congregational Church of India (Maraland), College of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry, Selesih, Aizawl, Mizoram, Regional Institute of Paramedical and Nursing Aizawl, List of institutions of higher education in Mizoram, Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India, "Kerala BJP President PS Sreedharan Pillai appointed as Mizoram Governor", "AREA AND POPULATION - Statistical Year Book India 2017 | Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation | Government Of India", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)", "Mizoram To Be 23rd State Of India, Tribal Customs Protected", "CHAPTER 2 SIZE, GROWTH RATE AND RURAL-URBAN DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION IN MIZORAM", Demographic Status of Scheduled Tribe Population of India, Agriculture Statistical Abstract 2012-2013, "See 2012 data in 3rd set of Table 162, Number and Percentage of Population Below Poverty Line". Now, with Mizoram's state law as a dry state, the youth busy themselves with music and community dancing. At the census 2001, out of 1028 million population, little over 827 million (80.5%) have returned themselves as followers of Hindu religion, 138 million (13.4%) as Muslims or the followers of Islam, 24 million (2.3%) as Christians, 19 million (1.9%) as Sikh, 8 million (0.80%) as Buddhists and 4 â¦ Further, as they arrived, there were raids, fear of raids and intertribal feuds. The topography of Mizoram hydroelectric resources is ideal for power projects. It is the fifth smallest state of India with 21,087 km2 (8,142 sq mi). B. Lalthangliana says 'zo' may also mean 'cold region' and therefore, Mizo may also signify people of the cold region. , As of 2013, according to the Reserve Bank of India, 20.4% of total state population is below poverty line, about same as the 21.9% average for India. In 1961, the literacy was 51%. There are eleven districts in Mizoram. Kurian, J. C., & Varte, R. T. (1995), CREROW AND KHUALLAM DANCES OF MIZOS, Encyclopaedic Profile of Indian Tribes, Vol 1, Aplin, K., & Lalsiamliana, J.  The state gets a lot of rain, but its soil is porous and irrigation infrastructure very inadequate; this has affected it crop yield and reliability. B. Hamlet, Encyclopaedia of North-East India: Mizoram, Volume 5. Indian population religion wise 2019 list with state wise Census of India Hindu population, Muslim population,Sikh,Christian,Buddhist and Jainism.. Mizo is the most widely used language for verbal interactions, but English, being important for education, administration, formalities and governance, is widely used. Currently 87% are Christians, followed by Buddhists with 8.5%, Hindu with 2.7%. How to navigating the site for data. Four French-built Dassault Ouragan Fighter Jets (nicknamed Toofani) of the Indian Air Force and British hunters from Tezpur, Kumbhirgram and Jorhat in Assam were deployed to Aizawl (the heart of Mizoram) and other areas as a part of the operation, which continued until 13 March. Writing is a combination of the Roman script and Hunterian transliteration methodology with prominent traces of a phonetics-based spelling system. Mizoram was the next State to be Christianised. , Like several other northeastern states of India, Mizoram was previously part of Assam until 1972, when it was carved out as a Union Territory. The Mizoram Post, an English-language daily newspaper published from Silchar (Assam) was the most circulated newspaper in Mizoram, in 2007. The state is also host to a variety of fauna, just like its sister northeastern Indian states. Mizoram is leading producers of Bamboo in India and supplies 14 % of India’s commercial bamboo. The popularity of the Christian religion at Mizoram can be understood from the statistical fact that about 83.81 % of the total population of the state in the year 1981 was Christian by faith. Out of which 28594 are males while 27980 are females. D.E. The growth of Christianity, scholars state, was shaped from a foundation of cultural, religious and socio-political structure.  Within the northeast region, it is the southernmost landlocked state, sharing borders with three of the Seven Sister States, namely Tripura, Assam and Manipur. (Editor: Gupta) 1(1): 92-101. There was a sudden spurt in the number and share of Christians in the population of this State during 1911-1931. , The literacy rate of Mizoram in 2011 was 91.33 per cent, higher than the national average 74.04 per cent, and second best among all the states of India. 9. Socio-Economic Statistical Information about Mizoram. , The origin of the Mizos, like those of many other tribes in the northeastern India, is shrouded in mystery. Those arriving by air can obtain a 15-day visit pass at Lengpui airport, Aizawl by submitting photographs and paying the fee of ₹120 (US$1.70). Prior to 1947, the distance to Kolkata from Mizoram was shorter; but ever since, travel through Bangladesh has been avoided, and traffic loops through Assam an extra 1,400 kilometres to access the economic market of West Bengal. Rural poverty is significantly higher in Mizoram, with 35.4% below the poverty line compared to India's rural poverty average of 25.7; while in urban areas of Mizoram, 6.4% are below the poverty line. Religion: The major religion practiced is Christianity. A few years later, Captain Lester was wounded in a battle with the Lusei tribe in the region that is now Mizoram. The claim that 'The Kukis are the earliest known residents of the Mizo hills area,' must be read in this light.  This is the highest concentration of tribal people among all states of India, and they are currently protected under Indian constitution as a Scheduled Tribe. They belong to numerous tribes; however, to name a particular tribe as the largest is difficult as no concrete census has ever been undertaken. Beyond the major rivers, Mizoram has many small but perennial streams and rivulets with ideal condition for developing micro/mini and small hydroelectric projects. The most significant lake in Mizo history, Rih Dil, is ironically located in Burma, a few kilometres from the Indo-Burma border. Christianity is the largest religion in Mizoram. The state is also home to many reptiles, amphibians, fish and invertebrates. Specimen data tables. Mizoram is also called a "peninsula state" as it is surrounded by international borders on three sides. In 2020, India started settling persecuted Brus in the neighbouring state of Tripura to address the issue. Mizoram, in the 18th century, had an autocratic political system, ruled by hereditary chieftains. The state has a total of 4,300 kilometres of roads of which 927 kilometres are high quality national highways and 700 kilometres of state highways. The density of population is 52 persons per square kilometre. Saiha district of Mizoram has total population of 56,574 as per the Census 2011.  The sector's contribution to the gross state domestic product was 30% in 1994, just 14% in 2009 due to economic growth of other sectors. The educated elites among the Mizos campaigned against the tribal chiefdoms under the banner of the Mizo Union.  The yield issue that can be addressed by building irrigation infrastructure and adoption of better crop technologies. These gradually rise up to 1,300 metres (4,300 ft) to the east. The Centre For Policy Studies (CPS) has published its latest note on the Religion Data Census of 2011. This was discouraged by the state government, and the practice has been slowly declining. Lack of transport infrastructure is one of the major drawbacks. The dispute only saw final resolution in 1986. For anyone looking for a quiet holiday or outdoor activities in pristine and peaceful setting, this is a destination worth your while. , The state is a bird watcher's destination. The songbird of the northeast, Mizoram is an adorning state glamoured with scenic spots and vibrant cultural entity. It became the 23rd state of India, a step above Union Territory, on 20 February 1987, with the Fifty-Third Amendment of the Indian Constitution, 1986. These clans sometimes have slight linguistic differences. With international borders with Bangladesh and Myanmar, it is an important port state for southeast Asian imports to India, as well as exports from India. The Mizoram Liquor Prohibition and Control bill of 2014 was repealed on 20 March 2019 with the Mizoram Liquor Prohibition Bill 2019, it was a legislation promised by the Mizo National Front. Rintluanga Pachuau, Mizoram: A Study in Comprehensive Geography.  Another software technology park is being established in Mizoram University campus. Today the lake is an important tourist attraction and a holiday resort. 5. The Mizos were particularly dissatisfied with the government's inadequate response to the 1959–60 mautam famine. , There are also a few Mizos who practice Judaism (866 according to the 2001 census) and a modernised traditional Mizo religion called Hnam sakhua, which puts a particular emphasis on Mizo culture and seeks to revive traditional Mizo values, while at the same time attacking the influence brought about by Christianity on Mizo people. Hinduism is second most popular religion in Mizoram state with 2.75 % following it. In 2011 there were total 11,144 families residing in Saiha district.  Mizoram was given two seats in the Parliament, one each in the Lok Sabha and in the Rajya Sabha.. The ARDA provides free access to the most authoritative religion statistics, data and church membership reports from around the world, including Christian statistics and adherents data. , Agriculture has traditionally been a subsistence profession in Mizoram. Jhum Cultivation: Mizoram is famous for Jhum Cultivation. The major Christian denomination is Mizoram Presbyterian Church which was established by a Welsh missionary Rev. The Mizoram Christian population has their own distinct churches. Furthermore, they would not consult the powerful church on the issue. Mizoram is a state in northeastern India, with Aizawl as its capital city.  Other well known institutes are National Institute of Technology Mizoram, ICFAI University, Mizoram, College of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry, Selesih, Aizawl, Mizoram and Regional Institute of Paramedical and Nursing Aizawl. , A total of 1,367 people practised the Mizo religion according to the 2001 census. Rulings could be appealed to courts staffed with British officials. The government of Mizoram declared that Christianity plays a very The guitar is a popular instrument and Mizos enjoy country style music. The name actually means people belonging to the place of the hills of Mizoram Around 95% of the present population is of tribal origins who settled here, for the most part from Southeast Asia, over influxes of relocation beginning in the sixteenth century however for the most part in the eighteenth century. The thermal and diesel generating stations were kept on standby mode owing to their high cost of operation, and because it was cheaper to buy the power from the national grid than to operate these standby units. (2001), A survey of amphibians, reptiles and birds in Northeast India, CERC Technical Report 6, Centre for Ecological Research and Conservation, Mysore, Choudhury (2001), Primates in Northeast India: An overview of their Distribution and Conservation Status, In: ENVIS Bulletin: Wildlife and Protected Areas, Non-Human Primates of India. Mizoram gross state domestic product (GSDP) in 2011-2012 was about ₹6,991 crore (US$980 million).  Village courts were re-implemented in the Mizo region along with other parts of Assam. , There were 3,894 schools in Mizoram as of 2012. Mizoram is considered one of the safest places to travel in India. The institution of chieftainship began in the 16th century. The majority of the Christian followers are Protestants.  Mizoram has accomplished this horticulture success and exports in 2009, with just 6% of its cultivated land dedicated to horticulture and floriculture, indicating a large potential for further growth and economic integration with other Indian states as well export driven economy. Dikshit, K. R., & Dikshit, J. K. (2014), Agriculture in North-East India: Past and Present, In North-East India: Land, People and Economy (pp. In 2001, total population was 888,573 in which males were 459,109 while females were 429,464. , The state has two national parks and six wildlife sanctuaries – Blue Mountain (Phawngpui) National Park, Dampa Tiger Reserve (largest), Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary, Murlen National Park, Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary, Tawi Wildlife Sanctuary, Khawnglung Wildlife Sanctuary, and Thorangtlang Wildlife Sanctuary.  Each of these families have many species. (as per year 2014 GDP data) Mizos practice Slash and Burn cultivation (Jhum or shifting cultivation). The local people believe that a submerged village remains intact deep under the waters. Mizoram was the next State to be Christianised. Economy of the state is poor and in terms of GDP Mizoram ranks at last position among all Indian states. Of these, 42% are publicly owned and managed by Central/State governments, 28% are private without government subsidies, 21% are private with government subsidies, and the rest are primary and middle schools that are government financed by run by three Autonomous District Councils of Mizoram. In an attempt to counter these insurgency threats, the Indian government bombed state areas affected with insurgency (which is the only known bombing of India on its own soil) on 5 March 1966. In 2001, the figure was 0.09 percent. 7, No. (1967). Economy of the state is poor and in terms of GDP Mizoram ranks at last position among all Indian states. Literacy rate in Assam has seen upward trend. About 52% of Mizoram population lives in urban areas, much higher than India's average. Other problems faced by the state includes shortage of electricity, capital, telecommunication and export market access. Saiha District Population, Caste, Religion Data (Mizoram) - Census 2011. Christian missionaries developed the Mizo script. Traditions and Culture of Mizoram.  The northern and southern Mizo Hills became the Lushai Hills, with Aizawl as their headquarters by declaring the whole area as Excluded Area till India got independence from the British.  The crops suffered massive damage, with yields at 30 year lows; the crop yields recovered sharply to pre-mautam levels in 2009 after the mautam passed. Thalfavang Kut celebrated completion of weeding of the jhum crop fields. As a result, majority converted to Christianity and changed their faiths without giving up any resistance.  After Christian missionaries arrived with the gospel, the majority of the population became Christians in the first half of the 20th century. ... Agriculture. Tourism is a growth industry. And, in the next two decades of 1931 to 1951, nearly the whole of the tribal population of Mizoram was converted to Christianity.  This reflects a 22.8% growth since 2001 census; still, Mizoram is second least populated state of India. ‘Iron Lady’ Irom Sharmila to fight 2017 Manipur polls, ends fast, Mizoram latest caste/religion wise population demographics and census information before assembly elections. As per census 2011, Christian are majority in Mizoram state. The state also has 22.92 MW of thermal power and 0.50 MW of Diesel generating set as of March 2012.  About 91% of the state is forested..  The "khuang" is made from wood and animal hide and are often beaten enough to instigate a trance-like state with worshipers as they dance in a circular fashion. , Between 55% to 60% of the working population of the state is annually deployed on agriculture.  The tropic of cancer runs through the state nearly at its middle. 15, No. Phawngpui Tlang also known as the Blue Mountain, situated in the southeastern part of the state, is the highest peak in Mizoram at 2,210 metres (7,250 ft).  Sericulture is an important handicraft industry engaged by nearly 8,000 families in over 300 Mizo villages.. The state requires Inner Line Pass. Mizoram produces about 26% of rice it consumes every year, and it buys the deficit from other states of India.. It is also a growing transit point for trade with Myanmar and Bangladesh. Suhas Chatterjee (1995), Mizo Chiefs and the Chiefdom. 685-698, Grogan, P., Lalnunmawia, F., & Tripathi, S. K. (2012), Shifting cultivation in steeply sloped regions: a review of management options and research priorities for Mizoram state Northeast India, Agroforestry systems, 84(2), 163-177, Pawar, S. and Birand, A. In 2008, the state had nearly 7,000 registered companies. Community establishments exist in urban centres that arrange social events, sports event, musical concerts, comedy shows and other activities. Economic Facts about Mizoram. Mizoram is a landlocked state in North East India whose southern part shares 722 kilometres long international borders with Myanmar and Bangladesh, and northern part share domestic borders with Manipur, Assam and Tripura.  This group raised their demand for a separate state comprising all the hill districts of Assam. The Mizoram Liquor (Prohibition and Control) Act, 2014 (Act No. Several other cultural elements of ancient Mizo tribes, some of which became less prevalent after arrival of Christianity, included:. , Before 1947, agriculture in Mizoram predominantly used to be slash-and-burn driven Jhum cultivation. Within Mizoram University, there are 29 undergraduate departments including 2 professional institutions affiliated with the university. Mizoram, state of India, located in the northeastern part of the country. In 2001, the figure was 0.09 percent. In Mizoram, Christians now form 90 percent of the STpopulation.  In 2013, the area dedicated to horticulture and floriculture increased to 9.4% of 1.2 million hectares potential.. About 640 species of birds have been identified in the state, many of which are endemic to the Himalayan foothills and southeast Asia. After annexation by the British in the 1890s, northern part of Mizoram was administered as the Lushai Hills district of Assam, while southern Mizoram was part of Bengal. Domestic and international visitors face different requirements. Out of which 28,594 are males while 27,980 are females. 1 (, Dommen, A. J.  By the time India gained independence from British Empire, some 80% of Lushei tribe people had converted to Christianity. 2001), pp. The season starts each year in October and wraps up with the finals in March.. As per 2021 Census of data Total literates in Mizoram stands at **** of which males were **** and females were ***.  Its people belong to various denominations, mostly Presbyterian in the north and Baptists in the south. The governor, appointed by the president of India, is the head of state and is assisted by the chief minister, the Council of Ministers, and the unicameral Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha). The Mizo Hills formally became part of British India in 1895, and practices such as head-hunting were banned in Mizoram as well as neighbouring regions. The total population growth in this decade was 23.48 percent while in previous decade it was 29.18 percent. Zoramdinthara, Mizo Fiction: Emergence and Development, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 10:17. A consequence of Hnatlang was the culture of Tlawmngaihna, which does not have a direct English translation. After agriculture, the major employer of its people include handloom and horticulture industries. Few Christian missionaries came to Mizoram, during colonial period, knowing that the rural hill population is busy fighting among between different tribes. Published B-Series Tables related to Population by religious communities, state wise religious communities, UT wise religious communities , [ 95 ] was shaped from a foundation of cultural, religious and socio-political.... 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